Gambar Sampul Fisika · b_Bab 2 Gelombang Cahaya
Fisika · b_Bab 2 Gelombang Cahaya
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Gelombang Cahaya31A. InterferensiCahayaB. Difraksi CahayaC. Polarisasi Cahayamendeskripsikan gejala dan ciri-ciri gelombang cahaya;menerapkan konsep dan prinsip gelombang cahaya dalam teknologi.Setelah mempelajari bab ini, Anda harus mampu:menerapkan konsep dan prinsip gejala gelombang dalam menyelesaikan masalah.Hasil yang harus Anda capai:31Gelombang Cahaya 5>?=5>165>?=5>1C5>C1>73181G1B5A9>7>41:[email protected]41<1=;[email protected]>B581A981A9 %5C9;1CDAD>8D:1>@141B91>781A9;141>7;141>7;9C1[email protected]=5>9;=1C99>418>G1@5<1>79G1>7=5>7891B935A18>G1<1>79C @1;18B525>1A>G1@5<1>799CD181G1[email protected];1>75<?=21>75<5;CA?=17>5C9; *14112 >41C5<18[email protected]<1:1A975<?=21>7=5;1>9;=9B1<>G175<?=21>719A41>75<?=21>7C1<9 @1;18@5A25411>1>C1A175<?=21>75<5;CA?=17>5C9;41>75<?=21>7=5;1>9;'1>DB91C5<18=5=1>611C;1>75<?=21>75<5;CA?=17>5C9;41<1=2941>7CA1>[email protected]?AC1B91BCA?>?=9=9<9C5A41>75?7A169 ,18D;18>4121719=1>175:1<141>39A939A975<?=21>75<5;CA?=17>5C9;;8DBDB>G13181G1B5AC1@5>[email protected]>>G1$1F121>1C1B@5AC1>G11>@5AC1>G11>C5AB52DC[email protected]>41C5=D;1>@1412129>9 )<58;1A5>19CD@5<1:1A92129>945>71>219; Cahaya merupakan gelombang elektromagnetik yang banyakdigunakan untuk kepentingan teknologi komunikasi.Bab2Sumber: Physics Today, 1995
Mudah dan Aktif Belajar Fisika untuk Kelas XII32ABCgelombangdatangS2S1terangterangterangterangterangterangterangterangterangterangterangterangteranggelapgelapgelapgelapgelapgelapgelapgelapgelapgelapgelapgelapS0Gambar 2.1Interferensi pada celahganda YoungA. Interferensi Cahaya 141<18 "!! !#  1AC9>G175<?=21>7=5=9<9;9! 41>#   [email protected]G1>7C5<18492181B@141@5=2181B1>75<?=21>7218F175<?=21>73181G125AB961C[email protected]81<>G175<?=21>72D>G9G19CD[email protected]25A9>C5A65A5>B9 )<58;1A5>19CDD>CD;=5>[email protected];1>9>C5A65A5>B93181G1@D>[email protected]<D;1>BD=25A3181G1G1>7;?85A5>G19CDBD=25A3181G1G1>7=5=9<9;96A5;D5>B9B1=141>254161B5[email protected] +D=25A3181G1G1>7;?85A5>[email protected]491=1C9=5<1<D9@5A3?211>G1>749<1;D;1>?<58$160)41>3(40(..1.Percobaan Young dan Fresnella.Percobaan Celah Ganda Young*5A3?211>9>949<1;D;1>?<58$160)45>71>=5>77D>1;1>4D1@5>781<1>7 *5>781<1>7@5AC1=1=5=9<9;9B1CD<D21>7;539<41>@5>781<1>7;54D149<5>7;[email protected]45>71>4D1<D21>7;539< *5A81C9;1>%/&%3 +9>1A=?>?;A?=1C9B[email protected]?<5841A9<[email protected]B521719BD=25A3181G1G1>7=5=1>31A=5<1<D935<18+ %5=D491>B9>1A41A935<18+[email protected]>31A;1>;5@5>781<1>7;54D1 D135<18@141@5>781<1>7;54D1G19CD+41>+G1>7[email protected]>7B5:1:1A45>71>+1;1>25A6D>7B9B521719@5=1>31AB9>1AB9>1A;?85A5> %54D125A;1B41A935<1835<18+41>+9>925A9>C5A65A5>B9@141<1G1A "1B9<9>C5A65A5>B9[email protected]71A9BC5A1>741>71A9B75<[email protected] b.Percobaan Fresnell5>71>=5>77D>1;1>B52D18BD=25A3181G1+3(40(..[email protected]?<584D1BD=25A3181G1+41>+G1>7;?85A5>41A981B9<@5=1>CD<1>4D135A=9> *5A81C9;1>%/&%3  Gambar 2.2Percobaan Fresnelluntukmenunjukkan interferensi cahaya.C1S1OPC2S2STo k o hAugustine Fresnell(1788–1827)Augustine Fresnell (1788–1827)adalah fisikawan Prancis yangmengembangkan teori gelombangtransversal cahaya berdasarkan hasilpenemuannya tentang lensa daninterferensi. Fresnellmemperlihatkan bahwa cahayamatahari terdiri atas bermacam-macam warna cahaya, yang setiapwarna memiliki sudut bias tertentu.Ia juga menemukan sebuah bentuklensa yang pada keduapermukaannya berbentuk cembung.Bentuk lensa ini dikenal sebagailensa cembung. Lensa ini memilikisifat mengumpulkan cahaya.Sumber: Science Encyclopedia, 1998!(&(.6//(/2(.%,%3+-104(2(.1/&%0)%*%8%-(3,%-%0.%*41%.41%.&(3+-65'%.%/&6-6.%5+*%0Tes Kompetensi Awal @1;18G1>749=1;BD445>71>75<?=21>75<5;CA?=17>5C9; @1;183181G1C5A=1BD;75<?=21>75<5;CA?=17>5C9; [email protected];18;[email protected]>3181G141<1=AD1>7[email protected] +52DC;1>B961CB961C75<?=21>73181G1
Gelombang Cahaya33CBPr2S2S1r1dyDbr2S2r1S1Gambar 2.3(a) Sinar gelombang dari celah S1dan S2 berinterferensi di titik P.(b) Untuk Dd, r1 dan r 2 dianggapsejajar dan membentuk sudut terhadap sumbu tengah.*141%/&%3  C5AB52DC[email protected]49<981C218F1+141<18BD=25AB9>1A=?>?;A?=1C9B + 41>+141<1821G1>71>41A9+?<5835A=9>41>5>71>45=9;91>B9>1AB9>1AG1>741C1>7@141<1G1AB5?<18?<1825A1B1<41A9+41>+ !5<?=21>73181G141A9+41>+9>91;1>B1<9>725A9>C5A65A5>B9@141<1G1A41>81B9<>G125A71>CD>7@141B5<9B9841A9<9>C1B1>;54D1B9>1A9CD *5A<D>41;5C18D9:9;1;54D1BD=25A3181G1=5=9<9;9[email protected]<9CD4?G1>7B1=1@141[email protected]C5A:149>G19>C565A5>B9=9>9=D=1;1>C5A25>CD;71A9B75<[email protected] +521<9;>G1:9;1[email protected]<9CD4?C941;B1=19>C5A65A5>B9=9>9=D=>G1C941;75<[email protected]B1=1B5;1<9 *5A81C9;1>%/&%3  75<?=21>73181G141C1>7=5>D:D35<1841>35<18G1>7C5A<5C1;@1412941>7 181G1C5AB52DCC5A496A1;B9?<58;54D135<18C5AB52DC41>=5>781B9<;1>@?<19>C5A65A5>B9@141<1G1A %9C1[email protected]=5>5>CD;1>49=1>1[email protected]@9C1C5A1>71C1D@9C175<1@C5A<5C1;@141<1G1A45>71>=5=25A9;1>BD4DC41A9BD=2DC5>718[email protected]71A9B75<[email protected]1C1D71A9BC5A1>7C5AB52DC ->CD;=5>5>CD;1>25B1A>G1;9C181ADB=5>78D2D>7;1>>G145>71> *5A81C9;1>%/&%3  & ,9C9;[email protected];1>B52D18C9C9;G1>7C5A<5C1;@141B545=9;91>[email protected]B589>771:1A1;2;5*B1=145>71>;5* 45>71>45=9;91>B1=145>71>:1A1;41A9;5 "D2D>71>1>C1A1:1A1;41A9;541>9>9B1>71CAD=9C (1=D>;9C1[email protected]=5>G545A81>1;1>>G145>71>=5>71>[email protected]218F1BDBD>1>:1A1;35<18[email protected]<1G1A:1D8<529825B1A[email protected]:1A1;1>C1A1;54D135<18 1A971=21AC5A<981C218F1B9>1A75<?=21>741>141<18B5:1:1A41>=5=25>CD;BD4DC[email protected]BD=25A@DB1C *5A81C9;1>%/&%3  & ,5A>G1C1BD4DCG1>74925>CD;?<58BD=2D@DB1C41>BD=2D 5>71>45=9;91>;9C1[email protected]45>71>=D418=5>5>CD;1>218F1B9>B9>  K (34%/%%0 9[email protected];1>@5AB1=11>D>CD;=5>5>CD;1>:1A1;[email protected]1>C1A1B9>1A41>[email protected]* ->CD;9>C5A65A5>B9=1;B9=D=9>C5A65A5>B9;?>BCAD;C96C5<1849;5C18D9218F1@1BC9>?<1C1D29<1>71>75>[email protected]41A9@1>:1>775<?=21>7 (34%/%%0 9[email protected]49CD<9BB52171925A9;DC 12bLPembahasan SoalSeberkas cahaya monokromatisdijatuhkan pada dua celah sempitvertikal berdekatan dengan jarakd = 0,01 mm. Pola interferensiyang terjadi ditangkap layar padajarak 20 cm dari celah. Diketahuibahwa jarak antara garis gelappertama sebelah kiri ke garis gelapsebelah kanan adalah 7,2 mm.Panjang gelombang cahayatersebut adalah ....a.180 nmd.720 nmb.270 nme.1.800 nmc.360 nmSPMB 2003Pembahasan:Jarak pola gelap ke-1 ke pusatadalah337,2 10 m3, 6 10 m2yDari soal diketahui:m = 1; d = 10–5 m; D = 0,2 msehingga12ydmD12ydDm353, 6 10m 10m10,2 m2353, 6 10m 10m10,2 m273, 6 10m = 360 nmJawaban: c
Mudah dan Aktif Belajar Fisika untuk Kelas XII34B9>  K 45>71>    ->CD;C5A1>7@DB1C;9C1=5=25A9;1> @9C1C5A1>7@5AC1=1 41>B5C5ADB>G1 mail protected]>D>CD;9>C5A65A5>B9=9>9=D=9>C5A65A5>B945BCAD;C96@1BC929<1>71>71>:9<;1<9B5C5>71875<?=21>7(34%/%%0 9[email protected]49CD<9B;1>B52171925A9;DC B9>   K45>71>    ->CD;75<[email protected]@5AC1=1;9C1=5=25A9;1> @9C175<[email protected];54D1 41>B5C5ADB>G1 2.Menentukan Jarak Pita Terang ke-m atau Pita Gelap ke-mdari Terang Pusat*141@5=2181B1>B525<D=>G1C5<1849B52DC;1>218F1@?<19>C5A65A5>B9@141<1G1A[email protected]@9C1C5A1>741>@9C175<[email protected] *5A81C9;1>%/&%3  %9C1[email protected]=5>5>CD;1>;54D4D;1>@9C1C5A1>7;51C1D@9C175<[email protected];5@141<1G1A *5A81C9;1>;5=21<9%/&%3  % )<58;1A5>1:1D8<529825B1A[email protected]BD4DC25A>9<19B1>71C;539< ->CD;BD4DCG1>7B1>71C;539<1;1>25A<1;DB9>C1> 1A9%/&%3  %;9C1[email protected]=5>5>CD;1>218F1B9>C1># K->CD;@9C1C5A1>7=1BD;;1>(34%/%%0 9 ;5(34%/%%0 9 B589>771[email protected]?<58# K->CD;@9C175<[email protected]=1BD;;1>(34%/%%0 9 ;5(34%/%%0 9 B589>771[email protected]?<58 #  K%5C5A1>71>:1A1;1>C1A35<18@141<1G1A#:1A1;C5A1>7 75<[email protected];541A9@DB1C:1A1;<1G1A;535<18@1>:1>775<?=21>73181G11<1=81<9>9    Tantanganuntuk AndaSeberkas cahaya monokromatisdijatuhkan pada dua celah sempitvertikal berdekatan dengan jarakd = 0,01 mm. Pola interferensi yangterjadi ditangkap pada jarak 20 cmdari celah. Diketahui bahwa jarakantara garis gelap pertama disebelah kiri ke garis gelap pertamadi sebelah kanan adalah 7,2 mm.Hitunglah panjang gelombangberkas cahaya tersebut.
Gelombang Cahaya35->CD;=5>5>CD;1>@1>:1>775<?=21>7B9>1AG1>7[email protected]>31A;1>?<58<[email protected]@9:1A>1CA9D=B9>1A9>949<5F1C;1>@1414D135<18G1>725A:1A1; == *141:1A1; =5C5A41A935<18[email protected]>7<1G1A $9;181B9<9>C5A65A5>B9@141<1G1A[email protected]?<58:1A1;71A9BC5A1>7@DB1C[email protected]45>71>;5<9=1141<18==[email protected];18@1>:1>775<?=21>7B9>1A>1CA9D=C5AB52DC%7%&9;5C18D9 ==L K=#==L K= = k# =  =L K I$149@1>:1>775<?=21>7B9>1A>1CA9D=141<18 I Contoh 2.1*141B52D18@5A3?211>9>C5A65A5>B9497D>1;1>4D135<18[email protected] $1A1;1>C1A1;54D135<189CD ==41>49<5C1;;1>@141:1A1; =;5<1G1A71A9B75<[email protected]@5AC1=141A9@DB1CG1>7:1A1;>G1 == "9CD>7<18@1>:1>775<?=21>73181G1>G1 %7%& == L K=  =# ==L K=9>C5A65A5>B975<[email protected]1A9(34%/%%0 9 [email protected]?<58# =K  = = =  K L K=L K= I$149@1>:1>775<?=21>73181G1>G1141<18 I Contoh 2.23.Interferensi oleh Lapisan Tipis*5=1>CD<1>3181G1=1C181A9?<58! #G1>7[email protected]45>71>19A1;1>[email protected]<981C;1>71A9B71A9B25AF1A>1@141=9>G1; [email protected];CAD=F1A>19>9[email protected]<981C;1>141>G1 "  ?<58<[email protected]>=9>G1;G1>7[email protected]9CD #>C5A65A5>B9C5AB52DC[email protected][email protected]9>C5A65A5>B9=1;B9=D=[email protected]>9>C5A65A5>B9=9>9=D= #>C5A65A5>B91>C1A175<?=21>7G1>7[email protected]>CD<;1>?<58<[email protected]>[email protected]49CD>:D;;1>@141%/&%3  +525A;1BB9>1A41C1>7=5>75>19<[email protected]>[email protected]45>71>BD4DC41C1>71;1>49291B;1>41>B521791><179[email protected]>CD<;1>;5=21<9;5@5A=D;11> +9>1AG1>7[email protected]>CD<;1>49<5F1C;1>@141B52D18<5>B1@?B9C9641>496?;DB;1>49C9C9;* 5A;1B3181G149C9C9;*[email protected];1>81B9<9>C5A65A5>B925A;1B3181G1 41> 45>71> 141<1825A;1B3181G1G1>7[email protected]>CD<;1><1>7BD>741> 141<1825A;1B3181G1G1>7=5>71<1=9@5=291B1>C5A<5298418D<D;5=D491>[email protected]>CD<;1> Gambar 2.4Interferensi oleh lapisan tipis.PDABCidnrlensalapisantipis(1)(2)
Mudah dan Aktif Belajar Fisika untuk Kelas XII36+5<9B98<9>C1B1>[email protected];G1>7[email protected]?<58B9>1A41C1>789>771=5>:149B9>1A@1>CD<;5 41>B9>1A@1>CD<;5 141<18K K K 45>71>141<189>45;B291B<[email protected]>[email protected]41> '9B1<;1>C521<<[email protected]>141<18=1;13?BB589>771 3?B41>B9>45>71> C1>B589>771 3?BK C1>B9>3?BK B9>B9>3?B5>71>=5>77D>1;1>6-6/!0(..+64C5>C1>7@5=291B1>3181G1G1;>9B9>B9>[email protected]?<58B5<9B98:1A1;[email protected];54D1B9>1A=5>:1493?BK B9>3?B3?B KB9>3?B3?B 3?B K[email protected]C5A:1499>C5A65A5>B9=1;B9=D=49C9C9;*81ADB[email protected];1>;5<[email protected]>41A9@1>:1>775<?=21>7 ;1>[email protected]B9>1A@1>CD<49=5>71<1=9@5AD2181>61B5=1;11;1>=5>:1491C1D   K#>C5A65A5>B9=1;B9=D=B9>1A@1>CD<@141<[email protected]>[email protected]1;1>=5=5>D89@5AB1=11>3?B   K45>71>    (34%/%%0 925A<1;DD>CD;9>45;B291B<[email protected]>[email protected]<529825B1A41A9 1C1D mail protected]>D>CD;[email protected]?<589>C5A65A5>B9=9>9=D=;54D1B9>1A@1>CD<81ADB=5=9<9;9254161B5=1;1  #>C5A65A5>B9=9>9=D=41<1=1A18@1>CD<=5=5>D89@5AB1=11> 3?B41>1C1D 3?B K 45>71>9>45;B291B41>=5=5>D89BG1A1C41>> 1C1D 41>Gambar 2.7Interferensi oleh lapisan minyakyang tipis.Sumber:www.instckphoto.comGambar 2.6Interferensi oleh lapisanbusa sabun yang tipis.Sumber:www.funsci.com,5>CD;1>C521<<[email protected]>=9>9=D=G1>7492DCD8;1>[email protected]C5A:1499>C5A65A5>B9@141B52D18<[email protected]>[email protected]G1>7=5=9<9;99>45;B291B45>71>@1>:1>775<?=21>7 I Contoh 2.3Gambar 2.5Interferensi oleh busa sabun.Sumber:www.designprodygzone.com
Gelombang Cahaya37Tugas Anda 2.1Coba Anda perhatikan kembaliGambar 2.5. Gelembung tersebutsebenarnya berwarna-warni.Mengapa demikian? Anda dapatmencari jawabannya dari bukureferensi atau internet.%7%&#>C5A65A5>B9=1;B9=D=@141<[email protected]>[email protected]=5=5>D89@5AB1=11>3?B   3?B[email protected]C521<<[email protected]>=9>9=D=[email protected][email protected]>G1=1;1 41>3?B B589>771[email protected]?<58 I I I$149C521<<[email protected]>[email protected]G1>7492DCD8;1>141<18 I ,5>CD;1>@1>:1>775<?=21>7B9>1AG1>7497D>1;1>:9;1C5A:1499>C5A65A5>B9=9>9=D=?A45;54D141A9<[email protected]>[email protected]49D41A145>71>;5C521<1> >=BD4DC291BJ41>9>45;B291B<[email protected]>  %7%&5>71>=5>77D>1;1>(34%/%%0 9[email protected]?<583?B   >=3?BJ >=$149@1>:1>775<?=21>7G1>7497D>1;1>141<18 >= Contoh 2.4Kata Kunci• interferensi• sinar monokromatis• interferensi maksimum• interferensi minimumTes Kompetensi Subbab A(3,%-%0.%*'%.%/&6-6.%5+*%0 @1G1>749=1;BD49>C5A65>B93181G1 +52D1835<1871>4125A:1A1;==4925<1;1>735<1841>@141:1A1; =5C5A49<5C1;;1>B52D18<1G1A 5<1849B9>1A94D1B9>1A=?>?;A?=1C9B45>71>@1>:1>775<?=21>7>=41> >= [email protected];18:1A1;71A9BC5A1>7?A45;[email protected];54D1B9>1A@141<1G1A +525A;1B3181G1=5<5F1C94D135<18[email protected]G1>7B1CDB1=1<19>25A:1A1;== $1A1;35<18;5<1G1A =5C5A41>:1A1;1>C1A14D171A9BC5A1>7@141<1G1A141<18 L K 3= [email protected];18@1>:1>775<?=21>73181G1G1>7497D>1;1> ->CD;=5>7D;DA@1>:1>7B9>1A=5A1849<1;D;1>@5A3?211>B52171925A9;DC +9>1A29AD45>71>@1>:1>775<?=21>7 >=49:1CD8;1>C571;<DADB@14135<1871>41 *?<19>C5A65A5>B9C5A:149@141<1G1AG1>725A:1A1; =41A935<18 !1A9BC5A1>7?A45@5AC1=125A:1A1;==41A971A9BC5A1>7@DB1C +5C5<189CDB9>1A=5A1849:1CD8;1>@14135<18 ,5A>G1C171A9BC5A1>7?A45@5AC1=125A:1A1;==41A971A9BC5A1>7@DB1C ,5>CD;1><18@1>:1>775<?=21>7B9>1A=5A189CD  +52D18<[email protected]>[email protected]=5=9<9;99>45;B291B 497D>1;1>D>CD;=5<981C75:1<19>C5A65A5>B9 $9;1@1>:1>775<?=21>7>G1 IC5>CD;1>C521<=9>9=D=<[email protected]>C5AB52DC[email protected]C5A:1499>C5A65A5>B9 B. Difraksi Cahaya*141@5<1:1A1>75C1A1>41>75<?=21>749%5<1B/C5<18492181B218F175<?=21>719AG1>7=5<5F1C9B52D18@5>781<1>745>71>B52D1835<18[email protected]1;1>=5>71<1=9<5>CDA1> !5<?=21>7G1>741C1>7[email protected]25A25<?;B5C5<18=5<1<D935<18C5AB52DC *5=25<?;1>75<?=21>7G1>749B5212;1>?<58141>G1@5>781<1>7[email protected]35<1849B52DC496A1;B975<?=21>7 +1=181<>G145>71>75<?=21>73181G1G1>749<5F1C;1>@141B52D1835<18[email protected]:D711;1>=5>71<1=9<5>CDA1>
Mudah dan Aktif Belajar Fisika untuk Kelas XII3896A1;B93181G1C5A:149:D71@14135<18[email protected]G1>7[email protected]B5:1:1AB1CDB1=1<19>@141:1A1;G1>7B1=1 5<18[email protected]G1>745=9;91>49B52DC  %9B9141<18;[email protected]>71>;131G1>7497?A5B=5>DADC71A9BB5:1:1A41>21>G1;:D=<18>G1 $1A1;1>C1A14D135<1849B52DC[email protected]>;9B9 1.Difraksi Celah Tunggal96A1;B9@14135<18CD>771<1;1>=5>781B9<;1>@?<171A9BC5A1>741>75<[email protected]@141<1G1A 5<18CD>771<[email protected]491>[email protected]C5A49A91C1B[email protected]35<18[email protected]G1>74921C1B9C9C9;C9C9;41>[email protected]35<189CD[email protected];1>BD=25A3181G1B589>771B1CDB1=1<19>>G1[email protected]25A9>C5A65A5>B9 *5A81C9;1>%/&%3 ->CD;=5>71>1<9B9B@?<1496A1;B935<18@141%/&%3 4921794D121791> *5A81C9;1>75<?=21>7 41> !5<?=21>7 =5>[email protected]<9>C1B1>G1>7<5298:1D8B525B1AB9>[email protected]75<?=21>7 +1=181<>G145>71>75<?=21>7 41>G1>7=5=9<9;92541<9>C1B1>B525B1AB9> #>C5A65A5>B9=9>9=D=G1>7=5>781B9<;1>71A9B75<[email protected]C5A:149:9;1;54D175<?=21>725A254161B5  J1C1D2541<9>C1B1>>G1B1=145>71>@1>:1>775<?=21>7 B9>B9>$9;135<18492179[email protected]21791>[email protected]71A9B75<[email protected];5C9;1B9>B9> "1<[email protected]45>71>9CD:9;1C5<184921795>1=21791>[email protected]71A9B75<[email protected];5C9;1B9>B9> +531A1D=D=[email protected]49>G1C1;1>218F1@9C175<[email protected];5C5A:149:9;1B9> K %5C5A1>71><521A35<18BD4DC[email protected]>745E91B9   ->CD; 1C1D C5A:149=1;B9=D=DC1=1@9C1C5A1>7C5>718[email protected][email protected]<981C;1>@141%/&%3 Gambar 2.9Maksimum utama terjadiuntuk k = 0 atau  = 0.maksimumutama5>71>=5>77D>1;1>@5>781<1>735<18CD>771<@141<1G1A[email protected];@?<1496A1;B971A9BC5A1>7@DB1C41>71A9B75<[email protected];[email protected]=5=25>CD;BD4DCJ[email protected]71A9B>?A=1< $9;13181G1G1>7497D>1;1>=5=9<9;9@1>:1>775<?=21>7 IC5>CD;1><521A35<18G1>7497D>1;1> Contoh 2.5Gambar 2.8Difraksi cahaya pada celah tunggal.d543212d2dsin2d
Gelombang Cahaya39garis gelapterangdpusatQP->CD;=5>[email protected];1>@?<1496A1;B9=1;B9=D=2541<9>C1B1>41A99>C5A65A5>B9=9>9=D=81ADB49;DA1>7945>71> )<58;1A5>1;54D13181G1B561B5254161B5;54D1>G1=5>:149 J D175<?=21>745>71>254161B5 1C1D2541BD4DC61B5 J49B52DC:D71B561B5 *5AB1=11>9>C5A65A5>B9=1;B9=D=41A9@?<1496A1;B9>G11;1>=5>:149B9>B9>1C1DB9>  K  K 141<1829<1>71>71>:9<   %7%&5>71>=5>77D>1;1>(34%/%%0 9[email protected]?<58B9>B9>J I=1;1     I$149<521A35<18>G1141<18 I ,5>CD;1><521A35<18=9>9=D=G1>7492DCD8;1>@141496A1;B935<18CD>771<:9;1499>79>;1>BD4DC496A1;B9>G1J41>@1>:1>775<?=21>7G1>7497D>1;1> >=D>CD;@?<1496A1;B9=1;B9=D= %7%&5>71>=5>77D>1;1>(34%/%%0 9 [email protected]?<58B9>  >=  >=>=  >=B9> $149<521A35<18=9>9=D=141<18 >= Pembahasan SoalSuatu berkas sinar sejajar mengenaicelah yang lebarnya 0,4 mm secarategak lurus. Di belakang celah diberilensa positif dengan jarak titik api40 cm. Garis terang pusat (orde nol)dengan garis gelap pertama padalayar di bidang titik api lensaberjarak 0,56 mm. Panjanggelombang sinar adalah ....a.6,4 × 10–7 mb.6,0 × 10–7 mc.5,2 × 10–7 md.5,6 × 10–7 me.0,4 × 10–7 mPPI 1983Pembahasan:Jarak titik api = jarak celah kelayar =  = 40 cm.Gelap pertama m = 1dpm330,4 10 m 0,5 10 m10,4 m= 5,6 × 10–7 mJawaban: dContoh 2.62.Difraksi pada Kisi96A1;B93181G1C5A:149@D<1@1413181G1G1>7=5<1<D921>G1;35<18[email protected]45>71>:1A1;35<18B1=1 5<18[email protected]G1>745=9;91>49B52DC;9B9496A1;B91C1D49B9>7;1C;9B9 +5=1;9>21>G1;35<18@141B52D18;9B9B5=1;9>C1:1=@?<1496A1;B9G1>74981B9<;1>@141<1G1A '9B1<>G1@141415A18B5<521A 3=[email protected] 35<18 AC9>G1;9B9C5AB52DCC5A49A91C1B 35<18 3=1C1D  35<18 3= 5>71>45=9;91>:1A1;Gambar 2.10Difraksi pada kisiBB1AdCDGFETMPK1>C1A35<18141<18  3=L K3= *5A81C9;1>%/&%3 
Mudah dan Aktif Belajar Fisika untuk Kelas XII40Gambar 2.12Difraksi minimum keduauntuk N banyak celah.Gambar 2.13Difraksi cahaya putih akanmenghasilkan pola berupapita-pita spektrum.cahayaputihkisidifraksimerahmerahmerahmerahbirubirubirubiruspektrumorde ke 2spektrumorde ke-1spektrumorde ke-0(putih)spektrumorde ke-1spektrumorde ke-2+52D18;9B945>71> 71A9B 3=49<5F1C;1>3181G1C571;<DADB45>71>@1>:1>775<?=21>7 !1A9BC5A1>7496A1;B9?A45@5AC1=1=5=25>CD;BD4DC J[email protected]71A9B>?A=1<=1;B9=D=DC1=1 ,5>CD;1><18@1>:1>775<?=21>7 %7%&9;5C18D9 71A9B 3= L K3=B9> J 5>71>=5>77D>1;1>(34%/%0 9 [email protected]?<58B9> L K3=  L K3=  I$149@1>:1>775<?=21>7G1>7497D>1;1>141<18  I %/&%3 [email protected]<981C;1>B525A;1BB9>1A=?>?;A?=1C9BG1>749<5F1C;1>@141B52D18;9B941>=5>781B9<;1>@?<1496A1;B9@141<1G1A *?<1496A1;B9[email protected]71A9BC5A1>741>71A9B75<[email protected]B531A125A71>C91> 96A1;B9=1;B9=D=C5A:149:9;1@141<1G1A[email protected];71A9B71A9BC5A1>7 541<9>C1B1>G1>749<5F1C93181G1G1>741C1>741A94D135<1825A45;1C1>141<18    1C1D29<1>71>31318;1<9@1>:1>775<?=21>7>G1 *?<1496A1;B9=1;B9=D=DC1=1@141;9B9141<18B9>49=1>1141<18?A45496A1;B941>141<18:1A1;1>C1A35<181C1D[email protected]>;9B9 96A1;B9=9>9=D=491>C1A1 =1;B9=D=C5A:149:9;1@141<1G1AC[email protected];71A9B71A9B75<[email protected]41>=9>9=D=@5AC1=1B5BD418=1;B9=D=;5C5A:149:9;1B9>:D71=9>9=D=;54D1:9;1B9>+5217193?>C?8D>CD; 35<18[email protected]?<58%/&%3 B541>7;1>D>CD;21>G1;35<18[email protected]?<58%/&%3  %/&%3  [email protected]<981C;1>3181G1@?<9;A?=1C9;@14135<18 G1>7[email protected];1>3181G1@DC98 +9>1A@DC98@?<9;A?=1C9;C5A49A91C1B25A21719F1A>145>71>@1>:1>775<?=21>7C5A;539<F1A>1D>7D41>C5A25B1AF1A>1=5A18 5>71>45=9;1>F1A>1G1>7C5A45;1C45>71> 141<18F1A>1D>7D41>G1>7C5A:1D8141<18F1A>1=5A18G1>7[email protected];1>[email protected];CAD=F1A>1<5>7;[email protected]G19CDD>7D29AD89:1D;D>9>7:9>77141>=5A18 [email protected]?A45496A1;B9=5>D>:D;;1>[email protected];CAD=F1A>1 Contoh 2.7*5A>18;18>41=5<981C@5<1>79*5<1>79[email protected];1>B1<18B1CD75:1<11<1=B52171981B9<496A1;B9 ,D71B>41;[email protected]<;1>9>6?A=1B9=5>75>19C5A:149>G1@5<1>79;5=D491>@A5B5>C1B9;1>CD<9B1>>4149[email protected]>;5<1B Mari Mencari TahuGambar 2.11Difraksi minimum keduauntuk N = 2 celah.m = 2m = 12113213sindm = –1m = 0m = 1m = 20sind2Tantanganuntuk AndaTentukan daya urai sebuah celahdengan diameter 2 mm, jarak celahke layar 1 meter dengan panjanggelombang cahayanya 590 nm.intensitas
Gelombang Cahaya413.Daya Urai Optik# !  141<18;[email protected]>B52D18<5>B1D>CD;=5=9B18;1>21G1>71>41A94D1C9C9;G1>7[email protected]B1CDB1=1<19>@141:1A1;=9>9=D= %[email protected]>@5A25B1A1>1<1C1<1C[email protected];=9B1<>G1<[email protected]=9;A?B;[email protected]41>[email protected]?>74921C1B9?<5841G1DA19<5>B141>:D714921C1B9?<58@?<1496A1;B9G1>7C5A25>CD;@14121G1>71>25>419CD %/&%3  [email protected]<981C;1>218F121G1>71>G1>7C5A:149=5[email protected];1>@?<1496A1;B9G1>749B5212;1>?<58 !<D1BB9BC5=<5>B1?<581<1C1<1C[email protected];C5AB52DC *?<1496A1;B9G1>74925>CD;?<58B52D1835<182D<1CC5A49A91C1B25>CD;C5A1>7@DB1CG1>749;5<9<9>7939>39>C5A1>741>75<[email protected] +1<18B5?A1>79<=DF1>13' %8.(+)*=5>[email protected]<;1>218F14D12D18C9C9;BD=25AG1>7C5A1>7>G1B1=11;1>C5A<981C[email protected]:9;1=1;B9=D=B5>CA1<1C1D@DB1C@DB1C41A9@?<1496A1;B9G1>7B1CD[email protected]><5C1;>G145>71>=9>9=D=@5AC1=141A9@?<1496A1;B9C9C9;G1>7<19> *?<1C5AB52DC[email protected]49:5<1B;1>45>71>=5>77D>1;1>%/&%3  $1A9:1A9<9>7;1A1>C5A1>7G1>7C5A25>CD;[email protected]491AC9;1>41G1@9B18@?<1496A1;B9G1>7C5A21C1B $9;13181G1=5<1<D9AD1>7[email protected]1C1DD41A141G1DA1941A935<18<9>7;1A1>[email protected]49C5>CD;1>45>71>@5AB1=11>   K '5>DADC %8.(+)*41>(%04;A9C5A91:1A1;1>C1A1;54D1=1;B9=D=C5AB52DC@1<9>7;539<B1=145>71>:1A9:1A9<9>7;1A1>C5A1>7 '1;B9=D=G1>7;54D1:1CD8@141=9>9=D=G1>7@5AC1=11C1D:1A1;BD4DC1>C1A1;54D1@DB1C21G1>71>G19CDB9>   K ->CD;BD4DCG1>7;539<   K %5C5A1>71>41G1DA19=:1A1;25>4141A9<5>B1=@1>:1>775<?=21>73181G1=491=5C5A2D;11><5>B1=BD4DC45E91B9Gambar 2.14Bayangan dari optik fisis dua bendayang berdekatan karena (a) beririsandan (b) terpisah dengan baik.Gambar 2.15Lukisan sinar dari sumber cahayadari sebuah celah bulat.Dcelah bulatpola difraksircahaya sumber datang2s1s2LDContoh 2.8%5C9;1491=5C5A=1C1[email protected][email protected]==[email protected]:1A1;=9>9=D=1>C1A14D1BD=25AC9C9;G1>7=1B98[email protected]492541;1>?<58=1C1@141:1A1; 3=41A9=1C1*1>:1>775<?=21>73181G149D41A1 >=41>9>45;B291B=1C1*5A81C9;1>71=21A25A9;DC Merak jantan dengan bulu-buluekornya yang berwarna-warni danberukuran lebar menyebabkanlebih kelihatan menarik dibandingmerak betina. Keindahan bulumerak tersebut merupakan contohefek difraksi gelombang cahayaoleh bulu merak.Male with the largest or most colorfuladornments are often the mostattractive to females. The extraordinaryfeathers of a peacock’s tail are anexample of diffraction effect ofpeacock’s tail light wakes.Sumber: Biology Concepts & Connections,2006Informasiuntuk AndaInformation for You
Mudah dan Aktif Belajar Fisika untuk Kelas XII42 5<18CD>771<B5<521A  ==49B9>1A93181G1G1>7@1>:1>775<?=21>7>G1 I *?<1496A1;B949C1>7;[email protected]@141<1G1AG1>7:1A1;>G1 3=41A935<18 ,5>CD;1>:1A1;1>C1A171A9B75<[email protected];5C97141>71A9BC5A1>7@DB1CD>CD;BD4DCG1>7;539<B9> C1> [email protected]<521A35<18CD>771<G1>7[email protected]<D;1>[email protected][email protected]C5A:1499>C5A65A5>B9=1;B9=D=?A45;5C97145>71>BD4DC496A1;B9 J41A9B525A;1BB9>1A=?>?;A?=1C9BG1>7=5=9<9;9@1>:1>775<?=21>7  I ,5>CD;1><1841G1DA19B52D1835<1845>71>491=5C5A ==41>:1A1;35<18;5<1G1A =5C5A45>71>@1>:1>775<?=21>73181G1>G1 >=  $1A1;4D1<[email protected]=?29<141<18 =5C5A41>491=5C5A@[email protected]<=1C1B5?A1>71>1; == $9;1@1>:1>775<?=21>73181G1G1>7[email protected]>31A;1>;54D1<[email protected]C5AB52DCA1C1A1C1  I[email protected];18:1A1;=?29<=1;B9=D=[email protected]>G1<1<[email protected]9CD=1B98[email protected][email protected];1>?<58=1C1 +5?A1>71>1;=5=2D;1=1C1<521A<521AB589>771491=5C5A9A9B>G1 3= $9;1497D>1;1>B9>1A;D>9>745>71>@1>:1>775<?=21>7  I[email protected];1841G1@9B18=1C11>1;C5AB52DC41<1=A1491>41>45A1:1CTes Kompetensi Subbab B(3,%-%0.%*'%.%/&6-6.%5+*%0C. Polarisasi Cahaya1.Polarisasi pada Kristal181G1G1>781>G1=5=9<9;91A1875C1A1>C5AC5>CD49B52DC3181G1[email protected]?<1A9B1B9 941>7[email protected];;54D4D;1>1A1875C1A1>C5AC5>CD41A93181G1[email protected]?<1A9B1B949B52DC2941>7@?<1A9B1B9 $9;1B52D183181G11<1=91849<5F1C;1>@141B52D18;A9BC1<1A183181G1G1>7;5<D1A41A9;A9BC1<81>G141<1=B1CD1A18B1:1B589>77149B52DC3181G1[email protected]?<1A9B1B9<9>51A $9;1;A9BC1<=5>[email protected]B521791>1A1875C1A>G1;A9BC1<9CD49B52DC*5A81C9;1>%/&%3  3181G141C1>7=9B1<>G1B9>1A1<1=9=1C181A9C941;[email protected]?<1A9B1B949<5F1C;1>@141B52D18;A9BC1< %[email protected]?>5>E5AC9;1<[email protected]?<58;A9BC1<41>3181G1G1>749C5ADB;1>[email protected]?<1A9B1B9<9>51A +5<19>;A9BC1<@?<1A?94@D>[email protected]=5=2D1C3181G1[email protected]?<1A9B1B9 %/&%3 [email protected]<981C;1>BDBD>1>4D1;[email protected]>7@?<1A?94B5:1:1A *?<1A?94@5AC1=149B52DC 41>;[email protected]>7G1>7;54D149B52DC 181G1G1>7;5<D1A41A9@?<1A?9481>G1=5=9<9;9B1CD1A1875C1A1>C5AC5>CD1C1D3181G1[email protected]?<1A9B1B9;1A5>11A1875C1A1><19>>G1[email protected] %/&%3 %[email protected]<981C;1>@?<1A9B1C?A41>1>1<9B1C?AG1>7[email protected]>7Kata Kunci• difraksi gelombang• kisi difraksi• sudut simpang (deviasi)• difraksi maksimum• difraksi celah tunggal• difraksi pada kisi• daya urai optikapertur%7%&9;5C18D9491=5C5A<5>B1=1C1==L K=@1>:1>775<?=21>73181G1 >=L K=9>45;B291B=1C1*1>:1>775<?=21>73181G1;5C9;1=5=1BD;9=1C1[email protected]?<5845>71> =1C1 =  =!$1A1;C9C9;25>41;5<5>B1 3= = 1G1DA19<5>B1=1C1[email protected]4989CD>7      =  = =L K= Gambar 2.16Cahaya tak terpolarisasidilewatkan pada sebuah kristal.getaranhorizontaldiserapsempurnaoleh polaroidcahaya alamiyang datanggetaran vertikaldiserapsebagiancahaya diteruskanterpolarisasi linear
Gelombang Cahaya43Gambar 2.17(a) Polarisator dan analisator dipasangsejajar sehingga cahaya yangditeruskan di belakang analisator akanterpolarisasi linear.(b) Polarisator dan analisator dipasangtegak lurus sehingga cahaya tidakditeruskan oleh analisator.polarisatoranalisatorsumbercahayasumbercahayapolarisatoranalisatortidak adacahayacahaya yangditeruskanterpolarisasi12B5:1:1A1C1DB1=1;54D4D;1>>G13181G1G1>749C5ADB;1>[email protected]?<1A9B1B9 *141%/&%3 &1A18CA1>B=9B91>1<9B1C?AC571;<DADB@1411A18CA1>B=9B9@?<1A9B1C?AC941;14175C1A1>G1>7[email protected]49C5ADB;1>1>1<9B1C?AB589>771>41C941;[email protected]=5<981C3181G1 $9;125A;1B3181G11<1=91845>71>9>C5>B9C1B49<5F1C;1>@141B52D18@?<1A9B1C?A9451<9>C5>B9C1B3181G1G1>749<5F1C;1>141<18 1C1D ;1>[email protected]:9;1;54D1>G1[email protected]>725AB9<1>71>C941;1419>C5>B9C1B3181G1G1>7[email protected]=5<5F1C91>1<9B1C?A >1<9B1C?A25A6D>7B941<1==5>71>1<9B9BB9>1AG1>749<5F1C;1>?<58@?<1A9B1C?A $9;11>1<9B1C?A[email protected]@141B11C9CD=1C1=5<981CB9>1AC5A1>7 +9>1A[email protected]@141B11C@?<1A9B1C?A41>1>1<9B1C?AB1<9>7C571;<DADB41>C1;1413181G1G1>749C5ADB;1> '5>DADC5+(00(16+4%.64 K  9>C5>B9C1B3181G1G1>749<5F1C;1>@?<1A9B1C?A141<18 $9;1BD4DCBD=2D@?<1A9B1C?A41>1>1<9B1C?A141<18=1;19>C5>B9C1B3181G1B5C5<18=5<1<D91>1<9B1C?A141<18 3?BB589>7713?B K *5AB1=11>9>949B52DC:D716-6/%.6445>71>141<189>C5>B9C1B3181G1G1>7<5F1C1>1<9B1C?A41>141<18BD4DC1>C1A1@?<1A9B1C?A41>1>1<9B1C?A +1CD1>9>C5>B9C1B3181G1141<18F1CC =+525A;1B3181G11<1=91849<5F1C;1>@1414D1;[email protected]>7;131@?<1A?94G1>71A18@?<1A9B1B9B1CDB1=1<19>=5=25>CD;BD4DC J $9;19>C5>B9C1B3181G11<1=918>G1141<18 . =C5>CD;1>9>C5>B9C1B3181G1G1>7C5<18=5<5F1C9;54D1;131@?<1A?94C5AB52DC %7%&5>71>=5>77D>1;1>(34%/%%0 9 [email protected]?<583?B . =3?B  . =. =$1499>C5>B9C1B3181G1G1>749<5F1C;1>141<18. =Contoh 2.92.Polarisasi pada Pemantulan dan Pembiasan*5A81C9;1>%/&%3 & +525A;1BB9>1A41C1>7G1>749<5F1C;1>@141@5A=D;11>2941>721C1B4D1=549D=G1>79>45;B291B>G125A2541=9B1<>G141>B521791>B9>1A[email protected]>CD<;1>41>B521791><17949291B;1> $9;1B9>1A@1>CD<41>B9>1A291BB1<9>7C571;<DADB=5=25>CD;BD4DC JB9>1A@1>CD<[email protected]B9>1A[email protected]?<1A9B1B9<9>51A@?<1A9B1B9[email protected]>1 *141B11C9CDBD4DC41C1>749B52DCBD4DC@?<1A9B1B9 +D4DC41C1>79>949B52DCBD4DC@?<1A9B1B91C1DBD4DC"  %/&%3 &[email protected]<981C;1>B9>1A41C1>7@1412941>721C1B +521791>[email protected]>CD<;1>41>B521791><17949291B;1> +5BD1945>71>"D;D=+>5<<9DBB9>B9>45>71> J1C1D K=1;1[email protected]49CD<9B;1>@5AB1=11>>G1G19CDB9>B9> KB9>3?BB9>3?BGambar 2.18Polarisasi pada (a) pemantulan dan(b) pembiasan.1terpolarisasicerminip2n1n2iprterpolarisasi
Mudah dan Aktif Belajar Fisika untuk Kelas XII44C1> K 5>71>141<18BD4DC@?<1A9B1B91C1DBD4DC" 41>B5AC1141<189>45;B291B=549D=B1CD41>=549D=4D1 3.Polarisasi pada Pembiasan Ganda*141;A9BC1<;1<B9C1);D1AB1+9)=9;1[email protected]41>5B3181G1[email protected]=5>71<1=9@5=291B1>71>41;1A5>1=5=9<9;94D1>9<199>45;B291B *141%/&%3 [email protected];1414D121791>B9>1AG1>749291B;1> +9>1A C941;=5>79;DC9@5=291B1>=5>DADC"D;D=+>5<<9DB1C1D49B52DCB9>1A9BC9=5F1B9>1A =5>79;DC98D;D=@5=291B1>+>5<<9DB1C1D49B52DCB9>1A291B 4.Polarisasi karena Hamburan181G1G1>741C1>7@141H1C71B1;1>=5>71<1=9@?<1A9B1B9B521791> <5;CA?>5<5;CA?>41<1=@1AC9;5<1;1>=5>[email protected]41>=5=1>31A;1>;5=21<9B521791>41A93181G1%/&%3    #    #    !  ! &1>79C@141B91>781A9[email protected];25AF1A>129AD;1A5>1@5A9BC9F181=2DA1> *1AC9;5<@1AC9;5<D41A1=5>[email protected]B9>1A=1C181A941>=5=1>31A;1>>G1;5=21<9C5ADC1=1B9>1A29AD>G1 *141@17941>B?A581A9@1AC9;5<@1AC9;5<D41A11;1>=5>781=2DA;1><529821>G1;3181G129ADB589>771G1>7C5AB9B141A93181G1=1C181A9141<183181G1=5A18 D<1>C941;=5=9<9;91C=?B65AB589>771C941;[email protected]=5>781=2DA;1>3181G1=1C181A9 )<58;1A5>19CD1C=?B65AD<1>C5A<981C75<[email protected] $9;13181G1C941;[email protected]?<1A9B1B941C1>7@141BD1CD=549D=71B3181G1G1>74981=2DA;1>[email protected][email protected]?<1A9B1B9B521791>1C1DB5<DAD8>G1 A18@?<1A9B1B9B545=9;91>[email protected]B589>771C571;<DADB[email protected]2941>7G1>74925>CD;?<5871A9BB9>1A41C1>741>71A9B@5>7<981C1> 5.Pemutaran Bidang Polarisasi%/&%3  [email protected]<981C;1>B52D18 G1>7C5A49A91C1B4D12D18@?<1A?94G1>7[email protected]>7@141B52D181<1CG1>749<5>7;[email protected]45>71>B;1<145A1:1C41>;?C1;<1ADC1> *?<1A?94G1>745;1C45>71>BD=25A3181G149B52DC@?<1A9B1C?A41>G1>7<19>>G1141<181>1<9B1C?A 'D<1=D<1=1C14925<1;1>71>1<9B1C?AC941;=5<981C3181G1G1>741C1>775<[email protected] *5>D>:D;1>1<9B1C?A=5>D>:D;;1>BD4DC;5=D491>491>C1A1@?<1A9B1C?A41>1>1<9B1C?A49<5C1;;1>25:1>1;131G1>725A9B9<1ADC1>7D<1 181G1G1>7=5<1<D9@?<1A9B1C?A1;1>=5<5F1C9<1ADC1>9>9B525<D=[email protected];51>1<9B1C?A +5C5<18491=1C9C5A>G1C1B5;1A1>7=1C1=5<981C141>G13181G1C5A1>7 &1ADC1>7D<141<1=81<9>925A6D>7B9B521719@5=DC1A2941>775C1A 71A=5>:149<529875<[email protected]<1791>1<9B1C?A[email protected]B589>771=5>D>:D;;1>BD4DC $14925B1A>G1BD4DC@DC1A1>2941>775C1A3181G1G1>749<1;D;1>?<58<1ADC1>7D<1141<18 K &1ADC1>7D<1C5AB52DC49B52DC<1ADC1>    &1ADC1>C5AB52DC141G1>7[email protected]=5=DC1A2941>775C1A@?<1A9B1B9;5;9A941>141:D71G1>7;5;1>1> 5>71>1<1CB5=131=9>9?A1>7[email protected]=5>5>CD;1>Gambar 2.20Polarisasi karena hamburan.partikel-partikelgasgelombang datangtak terpolarisasigelombang hamburanterpolarisasiGambar 2.21Pemutaran bidang polarisasi.cahaya alamitak terpolarisasicahayaterpolarisasisumbuanalisatorsumbupolarisatorE00cosEnormaln1n2(1)(2)Gambar 2.19Polarisasi pembiasan ganda.
Gelombang Cahaya45;?>B5>CA1B9<1ADC1>[email protected];1;C96 *?<1A9=5C5AG1>7;8DBDBD>CD;=5>5>CD;1>;?>B5>CA1B9<1ADC1>7D<149B52DC 1A925A21719@5A3?211>[email protected]<;1>218F161;C?A61;C?AG1>7=5=5>71AD89BD4DC@DC1A2941>775C1A141<18:5>9B<1ADC1>C521<<1ADC1>@1>:1>741>;?>B5>CA1B9<1ADC1> +531A1=1C5=1C9B[email protected]49CD<9B;1>B52171925A9;DC   K %5C5A1>71>BD4DC@DC1A2941>775C1A;?>B5>CA1B9<1ADC1>@1>:1>7<1ADC1>C521<BD4DC@DC1A1>:5>9B<1ADC1> 9;5C18D9BD4DC@?<1A9B1B9BD1CD3181G1@14121<?;5B141<18J $9;19>45;B291BD41A1  C5>CD;1><189>45;B291B21<?;5BC5AB52DC @129<19>C5>B9C1B3181G1G1>7;5<D1A41A94D1;131@?<1A?94G1>7[email protected]>7=5=25>CD;BD4DC JB1CDB1=1<19>41A93181G1=D<1=D<1 ,5>CD;1>25B1A>G1BD4DCG1>74925>CD;?<58;54D1;131@?<1A?94C5AB52DC $9;19>45;B291BD41A1141<18 BD4DC@?<1A9B1B93181G1@14121<?;5B141<18J ,5>CD;1>9>45;B291B21<?;5BC5AB52DC %7%&9;5C18D9J 5>71>=5>77D>1;1>(34%/%%0 9[email protected]?<58C1>C1> C1>J $1499>45;B291B21<?;5B141<18  +52D18B1381A9=5C5AG1>7@1>:1>7>G1 3=25A9B9<1ADC1>7D<1@1B9A45>71>@DC1A1>:5>9B<1ADC1>>G1 J $9;1497D>1;1>B9>1A>1CA9D=@5=DC1A1>2941>7@?<1A9B1B9>G1 J89CD>7<18;?>B5>CA1B9<1ADC1>9CD %7%&9;5C18D9 3= = J J %?>B5>CA1B9<1ADC1>[email protected][email protected]?<5845>71>(34%/%%0 9[email protected]?<58   =   $149;?>B5>CA1B9<1ADC1>141<18  L   Contoh 2.10Contoh 2.11Kata Kunci• bidang polarisasidichroicpolarisatoranalisator• sudut polarisasi/sudut Brewster• hamburan• polarimeter• larutan optik aktifsacharimeterTes Kompetensi Subbab C(3,%-%0.%*'%.%/&6-6.%5+*%0 +52D18B1381A9=5C5A=5=9<9;9C12D>7G1>7@1>:1>7>G1 3=25A9B9<1ADC1>7D<145>71>;[email protected];1C1> 41>=5=9<9;9BD4DC@DC1A1>:5>9BJ ,5>CD;1>BD4DC@5=DC1A1>2941>7@?<1A9B1B9>G1:9;1[email protected]>1;1>B9>1A>1CA9D=
Mudah dan Aktif Belajar Fisika untuk Kelas XII46Setelah mempelajari bab ini, tentu Anda menjaditahu bahwa cahaya merupakan gelombang elektro-magnetik yang dapat mengalami proses interferensi,difraksi, dan polarisasi. Dari semua materi pada bab ini,Refleksibagian mana yang menurut Anda sulit dipahami? CobaAnda diskusikan bersama teman atau guru Fisika Anda.Selain itu, coba Anda sebutkan manfaat yang Andaperoleh setelah mempelajari materi bab ini.Rangkuman 181G1C5A=1BD;75<?=21>75<5;CA?=17>5C9;B589>771@5A1=21C1>>G1C941;=5=5A<D;1>=549D= #>C5A65A5>B9141<18@5A9BC9F1@5>7712D>71>4D175<?=21>71C1D<529841A975<?=21>7G1>7;?85A5>  181G1[email protected]25A9>C5A65A5>B9:9;1BD=25A3181G1>G1;?85A5>1AC9>G1=5=9<9;96A5;D5>B9B1=141>254161B5[email protected] +D=25A3181G1G1>7;?85A5>[email protected]491=1C9=5<1<D9@5A3?211>$160)41>3(40(.. #>C5A65A5>B93181G1=5>781B9<;1>@?<175<[email protected]C5A1>7 *?<175<[email protected]4981B9<;1>41A99>C5A65A5>B945BCAD;C96B1<9>7=5<5=18;1>1;921C@5>7712D>71>4D175<?=21>7G1>7=5=9<9;961B525A<1F1>1> *5AB1=11>B5<9B98:1A1;G1>7[email protected]75<?=21>7141<18B9> 45>71>    *?<1C5A1>74981B9<;1>41A99>C5A65A5>B9;?>BCAD;C96B1<9>7=5>7D1C;1>1;921C@5>7712D>71>4D175<?=21>7G1>7=5=9<9;961B5B1=1 *5AB1=11>B5<9B98:1A1;G1>7[email protected]75<?=21>7141<18B9> 45>71>     $1A1;41A9C5A1>7@DB1C;5@?<1C5A1>7;5141<18#$1A1;41A9C5A1>7@DB1C;5@?<175<[email protected];5141<18# 96A1;B975<?=21>7141<18@A?B5B@5=25<?;1>75<?=21>7G1>749B5212;1>?<58141>G1@5>781<1>7[email protected] 35<18 1C1D BD4DC @5>781<1>7 G1>7=5>781<1>79B521791>=D;175<?=21>7 5<1845=9;91>49B52DC;9B9496A1;B9 $1A1;1>C1A35<1841<1=;9B949B52DC[email protected]>;9B9  *141496A1;B935<18CD>771<@9C175<[email protected];5C5A:149:9;1B9>45>71>   B541>7;1>@9C1C5A1>7;5C5A:149:9;1B9>45>71> K 141<1829<1>71>71>:9<    96A1;B9@141;9B9C5A:149:9;13181G149<5F1C;1>@14135<1835<18G1>7=5=9<9;9:1A1;G1>7B1=1  1G1DA19[email protected];141<18;[email protected]>B52D18<5>B1D>CD;=5=9B18;1>21G1>71>41A94D1C9C9;G1>7[email protected]B1CDB1=1<19>@141:1A1;=9>9=D= *?<1A9B1B9141<18@A?B5B@5>G1A9>71>1A1875C1ABD1CD75<?=21>7 <1CD>CD;=5>G1A9>71A1875C1A9>949B52DC@?<1A?94B1<18B1CD3?>C?8>G1141<18;A9BC1< #>C5>B9C1B3181G1G1>749<5F1C;1>@141@?<1A9B1C?A;[email protected]>7@?<1A?94141<18#>C5>B9C1B3181G1G1>749<5F1C;1>@1411>1<9B1C?A141<183?B45>71>BD4DCG1>74925>CD;1>C1A1BD=2D@?<1A9B1C?A41>BD=2D1>1<9B1C?A 96A1;B9=5=2181B96A1;B95<18,D>771<96A1;B9@141%9B9*?<1A9B1B9=5=2181B*?<1A9B1B9@141%A9BC1<*?<1A9B1B9@141*5=1>CD<1>41>*5=291B1>*?<1A9B1B9@141*5=291B1>!1>41C5A49A91C1B#>C5A65A5>B9'9>9=D=#>C5A65A5>B9'1;B9=D=#>C5A65A5>B9*?<1A9B1B9;1A5>1"1=2DA1>*5=DC1A1>941>7*?<1A9B1B9181G13?>C?8>G1(.1/&%0).(-531/%)0(5+-Peta Konsep[email protected]=5>71<1=9
Gelombang Cahaya47Tes Kompetensi Bab 2 +.+*.%*4%.%*4%56,%7%&%08%0)2%.+0)5(2%5'%0-(3,%-%0.%*2%'%&6-6.%5+*%0 +D4DC@9C1C5A1>7C5>71841A9496A1;B9?A45;54D1G1>74981B9<;1>?<58;9B945>71>  35<18 3=B525B1A J '1;1@1>:1>775<?=21>73181G1G1>7[email protected]>1;1>141<18 1  I2  I3  I4  I5   I $9;1B9>1AG1>7:1CD8C571;<DADB491C1B@5A=D;11>=9>G1;491C1B19AC521<<[email protected]>=9>G1;9>45;B291B>G141>@1>:1>775<?=21>741A93181G1G1>7=5>781B9<;1>9>C5A65A5>B9=1;B9=D==1;1@5AB1=11>G1>7=5=5>D89141<18 1 2   3 4   5  ->CD;=5>5>CD;1>@1>:1>775<?=21>7=?>?;A?=1C9B497D>1;1>@5A3?211>0?D>7G1>741C1>G1B52171925A9;DC $1A1;1>C1A1;54D135<18>G1 ==:1A1;35<18;5<1G1A 3=B5AC1:1A1;1>C1A171A9B75<[email protected];5 41>71A9B75<[email protected];5@141<1G1A == *1>:1>775<?=21>7B9>1A=?>?;A?=1C9BC5AB52DC141<18 1  >=4  >=2  >=5  >=3  >= *141@5A3?211>0?D>74D135<1825A:1A1; ==49<5C1;;1>@141:1A1; =41A9B52D18<1G1A $9;1:1A1;C5A45;1C1>C1A1@?<19>C5A65A5>B971A9BC5A1>7@5AC1=141>71A9BC5A1>7;5B525<1B141<18==@1>:1>775<?=21>73181G1G1>7=5>G9>1A9141<18 1 I4  I2 I5  I3   I *A9>[email protected]41B1A41A94D1BD=25A3181G1;?85A5>141<181 ;54D1>G1B1>71C25A45;1C1>2 [email protected]<9CD4?>G1B1=13 [email protected]>71>>G1B5<1<DB1=14 254161B5;54D1>G1141<18[email protected]5 ;54D1>G1=5=1>31A;1>3181G1G1>7[email protected]@1B1> 9>39>(5FC?>C5A:149;1A5>175:1<1 1 496A1;B92 @?<1A9B1B93 [email protected]4 9>C5A65A5>B95 A56A1;B9 *141@5A3?211>0?D>735<1871>41:9;1:1A1;1>C1A14D135<18>G149:149;1>4D1;1<9B5=D<1=1;1:1A1;1>C1A14D171A9B75<[email protected]G1>725ADADC1> 1 ;1<9B5=D<12 ;1<9B5=D<13 M;1<9B5=D<14 N;1<9B5=D<15 [email protected]C941;25AD218 @129<19>C5>B9C1B3181G1=D<1=D<1G1>7=5<5F1C94D1@<1CA5C1A41B9141<181>C1A1;54D1@<1C=5=25>CD;BD4DC J9>C5>B9C1B3181G1G1>749<5F1C;1>?<58;54D1@<1C141<18 1 4 2 5 3  +52D18@?<1A?94=5=9<9;9@?<1A9B1C?A41>1>1<9B1C?AG1>7[email protected]>7=5=25>CD;BD4DC J9>C5>B9C1B3181G1G1>749C5ADB;1>1;1>B521>49>745>71> 1 4 2 5 3  D135<18[email protected]G1>7[email protected]@141:1A1;  ==49B9>1A9C571;<DADB !1A9BC5A1>7;5C971C5A<5C1;==41A971A9BC5A1>7;5>?<@141<1G1AG1>7:1A1;>G1 =41A935<18 *1>:1>775<?=21>7B9>1AG1>7[email protected];19141<18 1 L K==2  L K==3 L K==4 L K==5  L K== +525A;1BB9>1A=?>?;A?=1C9B45>71>@1>:1>775<?=21>7L K=41C1>7C571;<DADB@141;9B9 $9;1[email protected];CAD=?A45;54D1=5=2D1CBD4DC J45>71>71A9B>?A=1<@141;9B9=1;1:D=<1871A9B@5A3=;9B9141<18 1 L 4 L 2 L 5 L 3 L  1<?;;1311;1>=5>781B9<;1>B9>1A@1>CD<[email protected]?<1A9B1B9<9>51A:9;1B9>1A@1>CD<41>B9>1A291B=5=25>CD;BD4DC 1  J4  J2 J5 J3  J
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